10 Key Legal Questions to Address Before Launching a Business in Country of Georgia

Starting a business in the country of Georgia can be an exciting and rewarding venture. However, it is crucial to navigate the legal landscape to ensure a smooth and successful launch. In this article, we will discuss ten key legal questions that entrepreneurs should address before embarking on their business journey in Georgia.

1. Which type of legal form is suitable for my business?

Before launching a business in Georgia, it is essential to determine the most suitable legal form. Options include sole proprietorship, limited liability company (LLC), joint-stock company (JSC), and permanent representation office. Each legal form has its own advantages and considerations, such as liability, taxation, and reporting requirements.

2. What are the registration requirements?

To establish a business in Georgia, you must register with the Registry of Entrepreneurs and Non-Entrepreneurial (non-commercial) Legal Persons. This process involves submitting the necessary documents, such as the company’s charter, identification documents of founders, and proof of address.

3. What are the tax obligations?

Understanding the tax obligations is crucial for any business. In Georgia, businesses are subject to various taxes, including corporate income tax (as in Georgia works so called Estonian Model), value-added tax (VAT), excise tax and property tax. Consult with a tax professional to ensure compliance with the tax regulations.

In addition, there are significant preferential tax regimes in Georgia, which will help you legally save taxes.

4. Are there any industry-specific regulations?

Certain industries in Georgia may have specific regulations and licensing requirements. Research and identify any industry-specific regulations that may apply to your business. This could include sectors such as finance, healthcare, telecommunications, food production, building etc.

5. What are the labor laws and employment regulations?

If you plan to hire employees, it is important to familiarize yourself with Georgia’s labor laws and employment regulations. Despite the fact that there is no minimum and maximum wage norm in Georgia, complying with these regulations is crucial to maintain a healthy and productive work environment.

6. How can intellectual property rights be protected?

Protecting intellectual property (IP) is essential for businesses in any country. Georgia has laws in place to safeguard trademarks, copyrights, and patents. Familiarize yourself with the process of registering and protecting your IP rights to prevent unauthorized use or infringement.

7. What are the regulations for importing and exporting goods?

If your business involves importing or exporting goods, understanding the regulations and customs procedures is vital. Familiarize yourself with the documentation requirements, customs duties, and any restrictions or licenses that may apply to your specific industry.

8. What are the regulations regarding data protection and privacy?

In an increasingly digital world, data protection and privacy are critical considerations for businesses. The legislation in Georgia regulates the procedures of collection, storage and processing of personal data.

9. What are the regulations for environmental compliance?

Environmental regulations play a significant role in business operations. Familiarize yourself with Georgia’s environmental laws and regulations to ensure compliance with waste management, pollution control, and other environmental requirements.

10. Are there any government incentives or grants available?

The Georgian government offers various incentives and grants to promote business growth and investment. Research and explore potential opportunities for financial support, tax incentives, or grants that may be available for your business.


Launching a business in the country of Georgia requires careful consideration of the legal landscape. By addressing these ten key legal questions, entrepreneurs can ensure compliance, mitigate risks, and set a solid foundation for their business venture. Consulting with legal professionals and experts in the field is highly recommended to navigate the legal complexities effectively.

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